DRAFT Opportunities For Large-Scale Carbon Emissions Mitigation & Need for Action
Industrial Carbon Capture, Direct Air Capture (DAC), Agricultural Solutions & Security Issues

1) Introductory Video (11 min.):

2) An image of the example combined power system that is explained in the above video:

3) An image of the example combined power system with Global Thermostat’s Direct Air Capture (DAC) technology: 

4) A major opportunity has emerged to capture and sequester hundreds of millions of tons of CO2 from the atmosphere as a result of these three major developments:

a) Development of a breakthrough technology (Allam Cycle) that generates power from natural gas and captures 100% of CO2 created.

b) Development of new technologies that can capture CO2 from outside air (Direct Air Capture or DAC) at a relatively low estimated cost.  Given below is of companies with innovative DAC technologies along with some related notes:

iii) Global Thermostat -Their DAC technology can cost-effectively capture CO2 from the outside air and natural gas power plants simultaneously.
iv) TerraFixing – their DAC technology most cost effectively in cold, dry climates. 
v) Carbyon

c) Rapid growth of Green Bonds to finance projects that can be sold to financial organizations that have committed to investing in climate action such as the Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero, which has a combined total of over $70 trillion US dollars under management.

5)  To view more information about combining industrial carbon capture technologies with Direct Air Capture (DAC) technologies and renewable energy farms, visit: Business Opportunities Creating Large-Scale Carbon Emissions Mitigation: Leveraging available technologies, resources and finance to help accelerate mitigation of carbon emissions.

6) To accelerate the development of a range of DAC technologies and enable a larger pool of CCUS experts to become knowledgeable about this technology, demonstration projects utilizing this technology could be implemented in major CCUS clusters such as:

a) Alberta Carbon Trunk Line (ACTL) system
b) Net Zero Teesside.

Each of these CCUS clusters already have several companies working together to utilize a common CO2 sequestering service and are inviting more companies to join them to utilize this same sequestering service.  To view a more comprehensive list of these types of clusters around the world, see: Global Status of CCS 2020 report by Global CCS Institute.  For some additional background about these types of clusters around the world, see: Understanding Industrial CCS hubs and clusters by the Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute.

7) To help illustrate this overall opportunity for carbon emission mitigation, ClimateSAN has created a 3-min. and a 6-min. animated videos, which is shown in this webpage: Opportunity for Rapid Large-Scale Carbon Emissions Mitigation.  This webpage also includes our 21-min. full presentation video about this opportunity.

8) Shown here is an opportunity for special purpose power plants combined with DAC: Opportunity for Large Scale Carbon Capture Using TerraFixing’s Direct Air Capture (DAC) Technology & Accelerating Its Implementation.   For more detailed information about TerraFixing’s technology, visit this summary page: DRAFT: TerraFixing’s Direct Air Capture (DAC) Technology Summary

9) Carbon can be captured on a large scale by farmers changing their farming practices.  To learn more about this, see this recent report by the Rodale Institute.  Recent report: Regenerative Agriculture and the Soil Carbon Solution. This report indicates that “global adoption of regenerative practices across both grasslands and arable acreage could sequester more than 100% of current anthropogenic emissions of CO2“.  To view a video presentation by the Chief Operating Officer/Chief Scientist at Rodale Institute, Dr. Andrew Smith, visit: Video Recording starting at 18:05.   

10) Carbon can also be captured by creating and utilizing “Bio-Char”.  Farmers can get paid to do this through Puro Earth, which is now owned by Nasdaq.  Puro Earth indicates on its website that it is “the world’s first B2B marketplace, standard and registry focused solely on carbon removals”. 

11) There is a rapid growth of companies needing to buy carbon credits to meet their Net Zero commitments.  To view some articles about the growth of number of companies committing to Net Zero, visit:
13) Some reports and articles the extreme impacts of climate change:
a) CNN: Climate crisis could displace 1.2 billion people by 2050, report warns By Jessie Yeung, CNN, September 10, 2020.  This report is called the Ecological Threat Register (ETR) and was produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).
f) Webpages with links to articles assembled by ClimateSAN:
14) The below chart illustrates Canada’s track record on promises to reduce emissions verses results, which was prepared by the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development for the Parliament of Canada.  It can also be found here: Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Canada.

15) Canada’s Track Record on commitments vs results illustrates the need for very large-scale action on climate change with the active participation of Canada’s oil and gas industry.

16) Conclusions presented in the introductory video mentioned above:
a) Many new business opportunities have emerged due to the combination of:
  – Advancing technologies in DAC, CCUS, energy storage & renewables.
  – Declining costs of these technologies.
  – New locations to cost effectively store carbon dioxide.
  – Substantial increase in availability of funding.
b) Due to the scale of action needed on climate change, the world needs the oil and gas industry to help implement this action.
c) If the oil and gas industry does take this action, it can generate substantial profits doing so.
17) Importance of building broad-based support for carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS):
a) Currently, many environmental organizations are opposed to CCUS.  For example, here is a link to the letter sent to the US and Canadian Governments by about 500 organizations entitled “Carbon capture is not a climate solution”. 
b) Here is a response by one expert in Forbes to the criticism of blue hydrogen (which uses CCUS) in the media: Blue Hydrogen Isn’t The Climate Enemy, It’s Part Of The Solution, Sep 6, 2021 by Nils Rokke, Norwegian CSS Research Centre.
c) Here is a link to a letter by 170 stakeholders on carbon management priorities: link to the 170+ stakeholder letter, which was facilitated by the Carbon Capture Coalition.  
d) To reduce opposition to and build support for CCUS, ClimateSAN recommends a comprehensive and detailed response to the concerns about CCUS by the 500 organizations mentioned above along with a series of discussions with some of these organizations.  As well, explain why CCUS is needed to enable adequate large scale climate action to prevent catastrophic climate change.
e) To help outline the urgency and scale needed for adequate climate action to the environmental community and the doubters in the oil and gas industry, highlight the expected impacts of climate change on human security. 
f) Prof. Michael Klare, who is a Senior Visiting Fellow with the Arms Control Association and Professor Emeritus of Peace & World Security Studies at Hampshire College, is an advocate for how security experts can help “bridge the gap between believers and doubters”.  To view a presentation he gave at this conference: Impacts of Climate Change on Human Security: What Can Be Done?, see: KeyNote speakers session starting at 19:58.