Carbon Tech Companies and Related Information
1) Given below are some notable breakthrough technologies that can be implemented on a global scale:
a) Capture and sequestering carbon dioxide using algae in seawater in a coastal desert areas by Brilliant Planet. This company already has the world’s largest algae growth pond in a coastal desert area of Morocco facility and expects it can capture and sequester carbon dioxide at scale for less than $50/tonne.
b) Producing biochar from biomass in an oxygen-limited environment by range of technologies that can make this product using small home-based systems to large industrial scale systems. Since producing biochar from biomass and incorporating it into soil is an internationally recognized way of removing carbon from the atmosphere, substantial money can be earned by creating this biochar. Even more beneficial than incorporating only biochar in soil is to combine it with nutrients and then place it in soil. For example, one study found that biochar combined with compost increased average crop yield by 40% compared with the control, which was compost without biochar. There has been a wide range of studies completed about biochar that have documented its substantial benefits, especially when combined with other nutrients. One notable discovery from this research is that the increase in crop yield is often even greater in the second and third year after adding this biochar to soil.
c) An innovative algae growing and processing system that produces healthy food-grade oils on a substantial scale by Global Algae Innovations. which received a million-dollar Carbon Removal xPrize for this technology. This company calculates that their technology can be scaled up to produce enough healthy food-grade oil so that this oil can replace all the palm tree oil production, which would enable the areas containing these palm trees to be able to be returned to back to ecologically diverse rainforests. If this did occur, billions of tonnes of carbon dioxide would be captured each year as these rainforests grew back.
d) A new power-plant process that produces reliable electrical power from natural gas will capture 100% of the carbon dioxide created. This breakthrough technology is called the Allam Cycle and was developed by NET Power and its partners. This company already demonstrated this technology on a substantial scale by delivering carbon-free electricity to the ERCOT Texas grid using their 50 MW power-plant test facility in 2021. There are now power-plants being developed that will use this technology including a 300 MW power-plant in Teesside, UK.
e) A new fuel cell technology that can upgrade an existing coal plant so it generates 80% more power, capture 90% of CO2 and reduce NOx emissions by 70%. This technology has been developed by FuelCell Energy and can be added to most hydrocarbon-fueled power-plants. For example, it is now being demonstrated in Alberta Canada on an oil and gas facility.
f) A new bio-fertilizer process replaces traditional nitrogen fertilizer for agriculture. When utilized, it eliminates substantial greenhouse gas emissions associated with this traditional nitrogen fertilizer. This bio-fertilizer was developed by Kula Bio, which is planning commercial production by the end of 2023. A competing bio-fertilizer is produced by Pivot Bio, which indicates that their microbes deliver more than 90% reduction in GHG emissions.
g) A process that converts natural gas to hydrogen and solid carbon, which can be used in many types of electric car batteries. This process was developed by Ekona Power.
h) Coastal Carbon Capture by Project Vesta – They add low-cost natural mineral olivine (magnesium–iron silicate), milled down to beach-compatible sand, to coastal protection projects. There, it gradually dissolves in the seawater, reducing ocean acidity and removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This low-cost approach can be implemented in coastal areas around the world on a very large-scale. Estimated carbon removal capacity of olivine: One tonne of olivine sand can capture one tonne of CO2. For more detailed information about olivine, visit: Coastal Carbon Capture with Olivine Sand.
i) Cactus farming can capture a substantial amount of carbon from the atmosphere while producing valuable products. There is already substantial cactus farming occurring in the world using different species of cacti with several groups advocating for a large scale-up of this type of farming. For example, Regeneration International is promoting its Billion Agave Campaign, which is to plant one billion agaves globally to draw down and store one billion tons of CO2. The International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA) promotes the growing of spineless cactus pear (nicknamed the “green-gold”) as a source of fodder for livestock.
2) Given below is a partial list of Canadian companies with Carbon Tech:
a) Ekona Power Inc, Burnaby, BC, which converts natural gas to hydrogen and solid carbon.
b) Carbon Engineering, Squamish, BC, focuses on using DAC and conversion to create carbon-neutral jet fuel
c) Svante, Burnaby, BC, developed an absorbent-based point source capture system at a significantly cheaper capital cost
d) CleanO2, Calgary, AB, captures carbon from home furnaces, which can then be converted into soap
e) CarbonCure Technologies, Dartmouth, NS, developed a process for adding CO2 to ready-mix concrete
f) Pond Technology, Markham, ON, which captures flue gas with algae grown in a bioreactor.
g) Carbin Minerals, Vancouver, BC, developed a way to accelerate the natural processes of carbon mineralization
h) Planetary Technologies, Dartmouth, NS, uses mine waste to sequester carbon in permitted oceans
i) CERT Systems Inc, Toronto, ON, which closes the carbon cycle by converting CO2 into fuels and chemical feedstocks using water and electricity.
j) Carbonova, Calgary, AB, convert GHG emissions to sustainable and valuable solid commodities
k) CarbiCrete, Lachine, QB, developed a method to lower costs, and increase concrete strengths while sequestering CO2
l) See O2 Energy, Calgary, AB, developed electrolyzer which turn GHG emissions into assets
m) Proton Energy, Calgary, AB, has a system for producing hydrogen at low cost, and zero carbon emissions
n) Solistra, Toronto, ON, developed solar-driven chemical reactors that recycle CO2 into commodity chemicals.
o) CO2 Solutions by SAIPEM, Saint-Félicien, QC, developed an enzymatic technology to capture CO2
p) Carbon Upcycling Technologies, Calgary, AB, developers concrete additives, which strengthen concrete while capturing CO2
q) C2CNT, Calgary, AB, (HQ in Florida) developed a method to transform CO2 directly into valuable carbon structural materials
r) Delta CleanTech, Calgary, AB, developed a lower cost and more energy efficient CO2 capture system
s) Advantage Energy, Calgary, AB, Captures CO2 and stores it in Glaciers
2) Given below is a partial list of American companies with Carbon Tech:
a) Global Thermostat, Brighton, CO, developed a low-cost DAC system
d) Oso Negro, Houston, TX, Lab turns hard-to-process plastic waste into carbon-capture master by Mike Williams, Rice University, APRIL 5, 2022
e) Twelve, Berkeley, CA, creates chemicals and materials from direct air capture
f) LanzaTech, Chicago, IL, uses biomicrobes to convert pollutants to fuels and chemicals
g) CarbonFree, San Antonio, TX, offers a complete CCUS solution
h) CarbonBuilt, Manhattan Beach CA, cures concrete products with CO2, enabling them to become harder and capture CO2
i) Hexas Biomass, Olympia, WA, use grass to capture co2 and create products which often are associated with clear cutting
j) Blue Planet Systems, Los Gatos, CA, combines waste concrete with CO2 to sequester CO2 and recycle concrete
k) Solida Technologies, Piscataway, NJ, captures CO2 in Concrete
l) Newlight Technologies, Huntington Beach, CA, harnesses nature to create biomaterials from air and GHG
m) Aircela, New York, NY, uses small-scale DAC systems to create carbon-neutral e-fuels
n) Mars Materials, Oakland, CA, aims to sequester captured CO2 into everyday products such as carbon fiber
o) Air Company, Brooklyn NY, uses DAC CO2 to create synthetic chemicals such as fuel or vodka
p) Remora, Livonia, MI, developed a portable CO2 Capture system for semi-trucks
q) Interface, Atlanta, GA, created carpet tiles which store carbon, allowing for carbon negative products
r) Schlumberger, Houston, TX, develops and helps plan carbon capture and injection facilities
s) Oxy (formerly Occidental Petroleum), Houston, TX, is working on harnessing the power of large-scale CO2 storage technology for enhanced oil recovery
t) Graviky Labs, Boston, MA, Captures atmospheric CO2 and converts them into usable carbon-based chemicals
3) Given below is a partial list of companies outside of North America with Carbon Tech:
a) Electrochaea, Planegg, DE, Converts CO2 and H2 into renewable methane using Archaea biocatalyst
b) Carbfix, Kópavogur, IS, developed a process to mineralize CO2 in Basalts and other reactive rock formations
c) Climeworks, Zürich, Switzerland, has a modular direct air capture technology designed to be powered solely by renewable/waste energy
d) Aker Carbon Capture, Lysaker, Norway, Offers an absorption-based carbon capture system which takes waste flue gas
e) Soletair Power, Lappeenranta, Finland, developed a modular system to turn buildings into carbon sinks
f) Mirreco, London, GB, uses hemp to capture co2 and manufacture hemp bio-composite products
g) Carbon Clean, London, GB, developed a cost-effective and modular solvent-based carbon capture system
h) CO2 Capsol, Oslo, NO, developed a portable carbon capture system
i) Deep Branch Biotech, Nottingham, UK, has a proprietary fermentation system to convert CO2 and hydrogen into energy and sustainable food ingredients
j) C4X Technologies, Suzhou, CN, offers CO2 capture from flue gas
k) AirCo, Fredericia, DK, Captures and purifies CO2 from various high and low-concentration sources
l) Equinor ASA (EQNR), Stavanger, NO, have developed a CCS system with over 40 CCS projects
m) Shell CANSOLV® CO₂ Capture System – A proprietary amine technology captures the CO2 from the flue gas and releases it as a pure stream.
4) There are many organizations listing climate solutions including ones with Carbon Tech. Given below are some examples:
5) There are many combinations of complementary technologies that can help industrialized countries achieve Net Zero. Given below are two examples of notable combinations of technologies:
a) This first is an Allam Cycle power plant, generates power from natural gas and captures 100% of CO2 created, that is combined with renewable energy, energy storage, and direct air capture (DAC) to produce reliable power with negative carbon emissions. To view a schematic of this combination of technologies, see below:
To view more information about this and related examples, visit: Integrating Technologies to Produce Reliable Carbon-Negative Energy. The CO2 produced from natural gas can be sequestered in the ground and used for useful purposes such as in carbonated drinks or accelerating the growth of plants in greenhouses.
b) The second is a biomass-fueled power plant that is combined with renewable energy, energy storage and a renewable fuel production system that can produce reliable energy, biochar, and renewable natural gas (RNG). To view a schematic of this configuration, see the image below:
To view more information about this and related examples, visit: Generating Reliable Power & Low-Carbon Fuel from Biomass While Creating Negative Carbon Emissions. Since considerable energy is required to make RNG from CO2 and this RNG is only produced when surplus power is available, excess CO2 will be released by the system. Approximately 50% of the carbon from the biomass will be converted to biochar, which will be used to enhance soil to grow more food. Therefore, the entire facility will be carbon negative even though CO2 will be emitted by this facility.
6) Accelerating the Scale-up of Carbon Tech:
In many industrialized countries, a carbon-related technologies (Carbon Tech) ecosystem has emerged. This ecosystem is growing and can become a major factor in helping countries transition to Net Zero. For example, as a result of considerable private and public funding, a Carbon Tech ecosystem has emerged in Canada, which can be harnessed to help accelerate Canada’s transition to Net Zero. To view a webpage outlining how I think this ecosystem can help Canada accelerate its transition to Net Zero, visit:
How Canada’s Carbon Tech Ecosystem Can Help Accelerate Canada’s Transition to Net Zero
Leveraging Canada’s Carbon Tech Ecosystem, Climate Finance and Integrating Technologies to Accelerate Action
The Carbon Tech ecosystem in developed countries can be utilized to help scale-up Carbon Tech in developing countries. To incentivize companies in the Carbon Tech ecosystem to do so, a developed country can provide initial funding for these companies to implement the technologies in developing countries.